thyroid gland

Hyper- and Hypothyroidism – Causes and Solutions

The thyroid gland is a ‘butterfly-shaped’ gland that is situated on the front of the lower neck. It’s sited just below your Adam’s apple, with one lobe on each side stretching upwards and downwards along the windpipe.The thyroid gland secretes two thyroid hormones; triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) – and also a peptide hormone, calcitonin. The thyroid hormones regulate the metabolic rate, the rate in which nutrients in the body are converted into energy, …

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Know Your Poison: Goitrogens

Goitrogens are a number of chemical agents that come in various forms. You’ll find them in antibiotics, plastics, pesticides, NSAIDs, environment pollution, and in some plant-foods. Actually, all goitrogens are derived from naturally occurring plant pesticides called glucosinolates. Plants have three main types of goitrogens; goitrins, thiocyanates, and flavonoids. Goitrin is the result of the enzymatic breakdown of the glucosinolate called progoitrin. It targets thyroid peroxidase (TPO), which is an enzyme found in the …

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